IDW '23


IDW Scope Outline

International Display Workshops (IDW) includes a variety of topics and aspects of display technologies, systems, processes and applications. In particular, this year's IDW will feature the following five special topics and two topical sessions, which are extremely timely, as well as 16 general topics. The special topics are these recent hot topics: Artificial Intelligence and Smart Society, AR/VR and Hyper Reality, Automotive Displays, Micro/Mini LEDs, and Quantum Dot Technologies. The topical sessions are organized for new technology topics: "DX Sensing and Radiation Imaging" and "Metaverse System".

The IDW Scope includes a variety of topics of display materials and components, display devices, electronic systems, quality evaluation, interactive technologies, manufacturing processes and equipment, and applications listed below. We welcome the submission of original papers on all aspects of research, technical development, measurement systems, driving methods, data management and applications of information displays, and related technologies. We particularly encourage submissions on topics of emerging interest in the research and development communities.

Special Topics of Interest

Artificial Intelligence and Smart Society

Artificial intelligence (AI) has become pervasive in our daily lives. AI will be a fundamental technology to realize smart society, such as Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0, where the cloud and edge are excellently connected. In this topic, the relationship between information displays, AI, and smart society will be discussed. All topics related to AI and smart society, including fundamental research and technical developments, are going to be discussed. The following areas are not restrictive but suggestive:

Scope of the Topic

  1. Image processing and recognition
  2. Sensing, interaction, and security
  3. AI implementation
  4. Cyber physical and energy saving
  5. Intelligent communication

AR/VR and Hyper Reality

This topic will cover all aspects of technologies related to display applications closest to the end-user such as virtual reality, augmented reality (mixture of VR and the real world), and hyper reality (hyper-realistic systems). Regarding recent development of VR devices, authors of all accepted papers are highly encouraged to present their demo in the I-DEMO session.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Hardware: sensors, circuits, and displays including light field camera, motion capture, holographic technology, and HMD/HUD
  2. Software technique: image processing, computer vision, computer graphics, audio-visual processing, and human-computer interaction
  3. Application: sensing analysis and AI, digital twin, systems for industry, mobility, medical, life, art and education
  4. The human factor in AR, VR, and hyper-realistic systems

Automotive Displays

The significance of visual interface has been increasing in automobiles. This topic will cover all aspects of display technologies used in or outside of automobiles, including the following scope.

Scope of the Topic

  1. OLED/LCD display and projection-display technologies for car interior use
  2. Head-up displays, augmented reality, and intelligent cockpit for automobiles
  3. Image and information processing for automotive displays
  4. Materials/components/device structures suited to automobiles
  5. Adaptive headlight system, and projection type signals for other road users
  6. Vision and human factors for automobiles and other transport systems

Micro/Mini LEDs

Micro/Mini LEDs have recently attracted keen attentions in their applications to information displays. This topic will cover all aspects and issues of technologies for flat-panel displays with Micro/Mini LEDs implemented densely.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Materials, devices, opto-electrical designs and manufacture of discrete Micro/Mini LEDs
  2. Materials, devices, opto-electrical designs and manufacture of Micro LEDs monolithically implemented onto panels
  3. Emissive Micro/Mini LED displays
  4. Passive-matrix displays (PMDs) with a discrete Micro/Mini LED on each pixel
  5. Active-matrix displays (AMDs)
  6. LCDs with Mini LED backlighting
  7. Assembly implementation of Mini LEDs directly beneath LCD cells
  8. Optical designs for diffuse propagation of backlight emitted from MiniLED
  9. Driving methods for local dimming by backlighting Mini LED arrays
  10. Novel applications of Micro/Mini LED-based displays

Quantum Dot Technologies

This topic will cover all aspects of science and technologies of Quantum Dot (QD) and Quantum Rod (QR), ranging from materials research, device structure and properties, to device applications, manufacturing and high color gamut displays using QD/QR.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Materials and properties for display or lighting
  2. Novel device structure and properties (QDCF, QLED, etc.)
  3. New device applications (Lighting, BLU, Display, etc.)
  4. Device manufacturing processes (Inkjet, Roll to Roll, Photolithography, etc.)
  5. High color gamut technology using QD/QR

Topical Sessions

The 14th International Conference on Three Dimensional Systems and Applications

Three Dimensional Systems and Applications (3DSA) is an international conference on the cutting-edge technologies for hyper-realistic systems and applications. The 14th conference (3DSA2023) is held in conjunction with IDW ’23.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Holographic Technology
  2. AI technology for 3D, Light field display
  3. 3D Capture and Processing
  4. 3D Coding and Transmission
  5. 3D Displays and Systems
  6. 3D Contents and Application
  7. Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality
  8. Metaverse
  9. Immersive Video Processing and Coding
  10. Free Viewpoint Image Systems
  11. Interactive Systems
  12. Illusion
  13. Human Brain Sensing
  14. Multi-modal/Cross-modal Systems
  15. Other Related technologies for Hyper-realistic Systems

DX Sensing and Radiation Imaging

The topic will cover the topics related the sensing and imaging of Digital Transformation (DX) technologies and radiation for new use scenarios of displays.

Scope of the Topic

  1. DX digitization and platform technology related sensing and imaging
  2. System related the connection of new products and services from both the Internet and the real
  3. New developments of scintillation materials, thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL), optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) materials, radio-photoluminescence (RPL) and radiochromic materials based on inorganic and inorganic materials in addition to organic-inorganic hybrids, and their applications.
  4. Elucidation of basic process of radiation-induced phosphors and optical materials
  5. Development of detectors for radiation sensing

Image Sensing Technologies

The topic will cover technologies related to image sensing. In recent years, image sensing technology has been used in various fields, including automatic driving, the Internet of Things (IoT), and the multifaceted use of smartphones. This has resulted in an increase in demand and expectations for this field.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Image sensor technologies: process, circuit, architecture
  2. Imaging systems and applications of image sensors.
  3. Optics and photonics for image sensing
  4. Computational photography
  5. Any applications and related topics of image sensing systems, such as multi-spectral imaging, ultrafast imaging, biomedical imaging, the Internet of Things (IoT), and deep learning.

Metaverse System

The topics will cover the technologies related metaverse. Recently, metaverse becomes rapidly common, and various research organizations and companies proceed with their technical research and business.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Information displays for virtual spaces
  2. Application and system for metaverse
  3. Digital twin, data utilization, five senses
  4. Metaverse content visualization and human extension
  5. AI-based avatar communication
  6. High realistic HMI (Human Machine Interface)
  7. Data analysis by using metaverse

General Topics

3D/Hyper-Realistic Displays

This topic will cover several current topics encompassing 3D/hyper-realistic displays, systems, and other related technologies.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Stereoscopic, autostereoscopic, holographic, volumetric, head-mounted, and other 3D/hyper-realistic display systems
  2. Immersive, interactive, and VR display technologies
  3. 3D/hyper-realistic image interaction and human brain-sensing technologies for Augmented Reality (AR)
  4. Image capturing and information detection systems such as multiple cameras, light-field camera, depth camera, 3D scanner, multi-spectral camera, and others for 3D/hyper-reality and interaction
  5. Algorithms for image coding, 2D to 3D conversion, multi-viewpoint representation and other image processing for 3D/hyper-realistic display systems
  6. Human factor and evaluation of 3D/hyper-realistic display techniques and systems

Active-Matrix Displays

This topic will cover all aspects of active matrix displays.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Active-matrix displays technology related to liquid crystals, organic/inorganic light-emitting diodes, electrophoresis, electrochromism, field emission, micro-electro mechanical systems
  2. Active devices including silicon-based TFTs, oxide TFTs, organic TFTs, CNT-FETs, and solution-processed devices
  3. Issues in high-resolution/large-area active matrix displays and devices including array and circuit design technologies, addressing schemes, systems, fundamentals, device physics, structures, processes, new materials, evaluation methods, reliability and mechanical testing
  4. Novel emerging active-matrix displays and devices
  5. Innovative applications of active-matrix devices including touch, imaging, sensing, flexible devices and micro, wearable, signage displays, etc.

Display Electronic Systems

This topic will cover general issues for display electronic systems.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Driving methods, circuits, and systems
  2. Advanced technologies for high quality display systems (high resolution, high dynamic range and wide color gamut)
  3. Video interface technologies including data transmission and storage (high performance transmission interfaces, standards, and related technologies such as codec for 8K or beyond 8K display implementation)
  4. Systems and applications for sensing, entertainment, automotive display, five senses, multi-sensory display, cross modality, and VR/AR
  5. Traditional and AI-based video and image processing (coding, image restoration, image recognition, fake media)

Emissive Technologies

This topic will cover all aspects of science, technologies, and applications of phosphor, such as phosphor screens for electronic displays, lighting source, and other emissive devices, and will also deal with those for ELDs (LEDs, QLEDs etc.), FEDs and PDPs.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Fundamental mechanisms and configurations
  2. Modeling and simulation
  3. Materials, components and fabrication processes
  4. Inorganic ELDs, LEDs, QLEDs and other emissive devices (materials, process, devices, drive circuits, etc.)
  5. Driving technologies and signal processing particularly embedded to emissive devices


This topic will cover all aspects of electronic paper ranging from materials science and devices to human factors and various applications for the future.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Advancement of various display technologies for e-Paper including reflective and/or nonvolatile display methods
  2. Novel functional materials and components
  3. Human factors for e-Paper, paper-like displays and tablets
  4. Various applications of e-Paper such as e-Books, e-Document, e-Tags, e-Walls and IoT
  5. Green technologies related with e-Paper

Flexible Electronics

This topic will cover all aspects of flexible/stretchable electronics, including material science, device physics, fabrication processes, and application systems for next-generation technology.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Novel and High-performance flexible/stretchable devices in display and non-display fields
  2. Flexible/stretchable substrate innovation (plastic film, metal foil, ultra-thin glass sheet, textile, paper, etc.) and encapsulation
  3. Fabrication methods especially for flexible/stretchable devices (printing techniques, roll-to-roll process, transfer techniques, etc.)
  4. Tolerance evaluation for bending and stretching deformation
  5. Revolutionary device applications (bendable, foldable, stretchable, roll-up screen, hanging, wearable, wrapping usages, etc.)

Human Factor

This topic will cover all aspects of vision and human factors related to information displays, such as ergonomic requirements, image quality, display measurements, new display applications, and ergonomics.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Visual requirements for display performance: luminance, contrast, color, resolution, frame rate, viewing angle, etc.
  2. Analysis and Evaluation of image quality, such as subjective evaluation of new displays, or quality-improvement methods
  3. Display measurement methods and format relevant to human factors
  4. Ergonomics of new display applications, such as AR/VR systems, automotive visual systems, 3D/aerial displays, etc.
  5. Visual ergonomics and Physiological/psychophysical factors, such as visual fatigue, legibility/usability, or actions/behaviors

Interactive Technologies

This topic covers all aspects of input technologies related to displays, materials, devices, application systems to discussing on how we interact with various systems.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Out-cell, On-cell and In-cell touch panels
  2. Touch panel materials, devices, production processes and systems
  3. Image sensors
  4. Adaptive and personalized interfaces and emerging interactive technologies
  5. Input systems for AR/VR/XR
  6. Tactile and haptic systems

Liquid Crystal Science and Technologies

This topic will cover all aspects of liquid crystal (LC) science and technologies, including LC material science, device, fabrication, evaluation, technologies for display and functional devices.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Physicochemical studies of LC materials
  2. LC alignment(Surface, Nano-structure, Bluephase), LC electro-optic effects, display modes, optical design, simulations
  3. Fabricating, manufacturing, measuring and evaluation
  4. High image quality LCD including 8K, wide color gamut(QD or other technologies), 3D/holographic
  5. Flexible displays, reflective and/or sunlight readable displays, low power electronic papers
  6. LC functional devices including non-display applications, LC lens, sensor, smart window, beam steering, photonic crystals, lasers, semiconductors, organic electronics

Manufacturing, Process and Equipment

This topic will cover technology trends and aspects of electronic displays from the perspective of manufacturing and printing fabrication processes.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Fabrication methods of displays
  2. Manufacturing process: photolithography, coating and printing technologies, soft lithography, roll-to-roll process, and transfer techniques for high precision and large area
  3. Measurement and evaluation equipment

Materials and Components

Displays are sustained by a wide spectrum of advanced materials and components. This topic deals with new materials and components for display systems, modifications and technical improvements of the existing systems.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Novel materials and components, trends in panel structure and display systems
  2. Optical components, devices, systems, and color filter technologies
  3. LED/mini-LED/micro-LED/OLED/emissive source and materials: quantum-dot, electro-optical devices and their materials
  4. Display lighting materials/light control components and their fabrications
  5. Innovative materials and components related to flexibility, sensing, interaction, resolution, for EPD, MEMS/MEOMS, AR/VR, and 3D (stereoscopic, volumetric, holographic, light field, aerial), displays


This topic will cover all aspects of MEMS, emerging technologies, nanotechnologies for future displays, imaging devices, and related electron devices, ranging from materials and basic science to display and other applications.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Displays, imaging devices, other optical and electron devices using MEMS, quantum dots and nanotechnologies
  2. Optical MEMS devices such as sensors, scanners, switches, mirrors, filters, etc
  3. Cutting-edge nano/microdisplays such as nano/micro LED displays, nanotechnology displays, imaging devices and electron devices using emerging technologies
  4. Emerging technologies, ranging from materials to fabrication processes
  5. Sensors and actuators for infrared/ultraviolet/visible/X-rays, wireless power, electromagnetic/supersonic wave, etc

OLED Displays and Organic Devices

This topic will cover all aspects of science and technologies of OLED.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Materials for organic devices (OLED, OTFT, OLET, QLED)
  2. Device physics, related phenomena and Backplane technologies for OLED applications
  3. Fabrication processes for organic devices
  4. Miscellaneous topics related with organic devices
  5. OLED for lightings
  6. Flexible organic materials and devices for OLED

Oxide-Semiconductor TFT

This special topic will cover all aspects of science and technologies for oxide-semiconductor TFTs including hybrid circuits with other semiconductor TFTs.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Materials, device physics, illumination instability, degradation, fabrication processes, and production equipment
  2. Display backplanes for LCD, OLED, QLED, perovskite-related LED, micro/mini LED, electrochromic, electrophoretic displays and e-Paper, circuits, and embedded systems
  3. Flexible devices, transparent electronics, sensors, and other applications

Projection and Large Area Displays

This topic will cover all aspects of science, technologies and applications of projection and irradiation sensing.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Projection and sensing technologies (device, laser scan, mapping, algorithms for image processing and artifact mitigation, application, etc)
  2. Intelligent display system (HMD, AR&VR, applications, telepresence, meta HMI etc)
  3. Components technologies (micro-display, scan, light source, optics, screen, etc)
  4. Applications such as 3-D cinema, 3-D measurement, medical health care, additive manufacturing, vehicle intelligent cockpit, head-up display, adaptive headlight and outer space
  5. Sensing applications (ToF, LIDAR, flash device, Machine Vision, Smart city, AI, DX, etc.) in projection and irradiation technology

User Experience and Cognitive Engineering

This topic will cover all aspects of social studies, cognitive science, and human-computer interaction that aim to open new use scenarios of displays.

Scope of the Topic

  1. Ethnography and social studies
  2. Survey and analysis of user needs
  3. Cognitive experiments and design of displays
  4. Novel interaction techniques and interactive applications
  5. Computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW) using displays
  6. Digital reading applications and educational software